Source model of the great 2011 Tohoku earthquake estimated from tsunami waveforms and crustal deformation data

Aditya Riadi Gusman, Yuichiro Tanioka, Shinichi Sakai, Hiroaki Tsushima

Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volumes 341–344, August 2012, Pages 234–242, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2012.06.006


The slip distribution of the 11 March 2011 Tohoku earthquake is inferred from tsunami waveforms, GPS data, and seafloor crustal deformation data. The major slip region extends all the way to the trench, and the large slip area extends 300 km long and 160 km wide. The largest slip of 44 m is located up-dip of the hypocenter. The large slip amount, about 41 m, ruptured the plate interface near the trench. The seismic moment calculated from the estimated slip distribution is 5.5×1022 N m (Mw 9.1). The large tsunami due to the 2011 Tohoku earthquake is generated from those large slip areas near the trench. The additional uplift at the sedimentary wedge as suggested for the 1896 Sanriku earthquake may have occurred during the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, too.

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