Aditya Riadi Gusman, Satoko Murotani, Kenji Satake, Mohammad Heidarzadeh, Endra Gunawan, Shingo Watada, and Bernd Schurr
We applied a new method to compute tsunami Green’s functions for slip inversion of the 1 April 2014 Iquique earthquake using both near-field and far-field tsunami waveforms. Inclusion of the effects of the elastic loading of seafloor, compressibility of seawater, and the geopotential variation in the computed Green’s functions reproduced the tsunami travel-time delay relative to long-wave simulation, and allowed us to use far-field records in tsunami waveform inversion. Multiple time window inversion was applied to tsunami waveforms iteratively until the result resembles the stable moment-rate function from teleseismic inversion. We also used GPS data for a joint inversion of tsunami waveforms and co-seismic crustal deformation. The major slip region with a size of 100 km × 40 km is located down-dip the epicenter at depth ~28 km, regardless of assumed rupture velocities. The total seismic moment estimated from the slip distribution is 1.24 × 1021 Nm (Mw 8.0).